和敬公主府是乾隆三女固論和敬公主和駙馬蒙古科爾沁部的輔國公色布騰巴勒珠爾的府第。和敬公主 (1731-1792) 是乾隆皇最寵愛的女兒。她十六歲下嫁駙馬時乾隆皇禦賜給他們此府第。
The Princess Hejing Mansion is a courtyard style mansion that belongs to Qing Emperor Qianlong’s third daughter Princess Gulun Hejing and her husband. Princess Hejing was born in 1731 and died in 1792. She was Emperor Qianlong’s favorite daughter. She married when she was 16, and this mansion was a wedding gift from her father. Wow!
公主和駙馬的後裔世襲輔國公職位，府第就以新屋主的名字而改。比如1915 年公主後裔達賚被封達貝子， 和敬公主府就改稱為達貝子府。1923 年直魯聯軍總司令張宗昌以十五萬現大洋買了達貝子府。 1935 年做過東北難民救濟院， 1945 年做過十一戰區長官部， 50 年代做過國際友人車庫。現在前面幾座殿是中信証卷營業部。後邊幾座殿以前是四合院式賓館 和賓館的兩層餐廳。現在賓館在公主府後面建了一座現代式的高層建築來做賓館。
Princess Hejing’s descendants inherited the mansion and continued to live there. They were also awarded various titles by successive Qing emperors based on their service and accomplishments. The name of the mansion changed to reflect the name of each new owner. For instance, in 1915 Princess Hejing’s descendant Prince Da became the owner of the mansion, and the name of the mansion was changed to Prince Da’s Mansion. After the overthrow of the Qing dynasty, the mansion changed hands a few more times. In 1923 a military commander Zhang Zong Chang bought the mansion. In 1935 the mansion became a center for refugees from Northeast China. In 1945 the general of the 11th fighting district lived here. During the 1950’s it was used as a place to store vehicles. And today the front section of the courtyard home is a China Securities storefront and the back used to be a historic courtyard style hotel. Today the historic courtyard style hotel has closed and reopened in back of the mansion as a high-rise hotel. *Sigh* the courtyard style hotel was so beautiful.
Princess Hejing’s Mansion is off the beaten path. Being on a main thoroughfare, it is not hard to find, nor is it out of the way but it is just not listed in many guidebooks and there is only signage in Chinese. Hence, there are hardly any tourists and it is a calm and peaceful place. The architecture has been well preserved and is a wonder to see. There is so much meticulous detail and high quality workmanship here from the latticework on the doors to the paintings on the eaves and breezeways. There are also many stone statues and vases in the courtyard, probably remnants from when the princess and her family lived there. The designs on the frosted glass are beautiful too, but probably from remodeling done by the hotel. (Looks too new) When you peer into the windows you can see the modern furniture the hotel used when it was in business. I don’t know about you, but I think it would be really neat if all the furniture was traditional Chinese style, which would be befitting of a courtyard style hotel and fit right into the setting. Anyways- definitely worth a visit if you are into architecture and/or Chinese history, or would like to marvel at how a princess lived in the 18th century.
旅遊資料/ If you go:
門票/ Admission: 免費/ free
地址/ Address: 北京市东城区張自忠路7 號 (7 ZhangZiZhong Rd., Dongcheng District, Beijing)
交通路线/ Transportation: 乘13、42、113、115、118、701、823 bus 张自忠路站下车
开放时间/ Hours: 早 9:00am – 晚 6:00pm